Unit 5: Reconstruction, Part One – 1860’s

The Room Where the Confederacy Surrendered to the Union

Unit 5 High School

Unit Overview

Subjects Covered
Grammar, Literature, Composition, History
Time Period
Grade Level
High School: 9 – 12
Uncle Tom’s Cabin – by Harriet Beecher Stowe

Abraham Lincoln's Second Inauguration

Unit Description

The results of the war were revolutionary in character. Slavery was abolished and the freedmen given the ballot. The Southern planters who had been the leaders of their section were ruined financially and almost to a man excluded from taking part in political affairs. The union was declared to be perpetual and the right of a state to secede settled by the judgment of battle. Federal control over the affairs of states, counties, and cities was established by the fourteenth amendment. The power and prestige of the federal government were enhanced beyond imagination. The North was now free to pursue its economic policies: a protective tariff, a national banking system, land grants for railways, free lands for farmers. Planting had dominated the country for nearly a generation. Business enterprise was to take its place.

Leading Ideas and Biblical Principles

  • Honesty is a character quality to be desired.
    • The Lord detests differing weights, and dishonest scales do not please Him. — Proverbs 20:23
  • The Bible provides the ethics upon which to judge people and nations.
  • God is sovereign over the affairs of men.
    • From one man He made all the nations, that they should inhabit the whole earth; and He marked out their appointed times in history and the boundaries of their lands. — Acts 17:26