Unit 17: The War for Independence

Thomas-Jefferson

Unit 17 High School

Unit Overview

Subjects Covered
Grammar, Literature, Composition, History
Time Period
Reformation and Revolutions
Grade Level
High School: 9 – 12
Civilization
English and American
Literature
Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin – by Benjamin Franklin

Declaration of IndependenceUnit Description

“Resolved, that this United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states; that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that all political connection between them and the state of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved.”
– Declaration of Independence

Leading Ideas and Biblical Principles

  • History is HIS Story – God’s story of love, mercy, and redemption through Christ.
    • He made known to us the mystery of his will according to his good pleasure, which he purposed in Christ, to be put into effect when the times reach their fulfillment—to bring unity to all things in heaven and on earth under Christ. — Ephesians 1‍:‍9-10
  • God’s providential hand governs and times all events and provides for His Creation according to His plan and purposes.
    • The God who made the world and everything in it is the Lord of heaven and earth and does not live in temples built by human hands. And he is not served by human hands, as if he needed anything. Rather, he himself gives everyone life and breath and everything else. From one man he made all the nations, that they should inhabit the whole earth; and he marked out their appointed times in history and the boundaries of their lands. God did this so that they would seek him and perhaps reach out for him and find him, though he is not far from any one of us.- Acts 17: 24 – 27
  • Godly leadership and servanthood are necessary for one to be a true reforming influence.
    • Whoever wants to become great among you must be your servant, and whoever wants to be first must be your slave—just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many..- Matthew 20:26 – 28
  • God raises up and removes leaders.
    • He changes times and seasons; he deposes kings and raises up others. He gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to the discerning..- Daniel 2:21

Unit 17 Resources: High School

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Lesson 1: History

Lesson One Assignments:

    • Review the vocabulary, then read the article: The Declaration of Independence, pages 7 11.
    • Define the vocabulary words in the context of the reading and put the word and its definition in the vocabulary section of your history notebook.
    • Read the Declaration of Independence out loud.
    • Pick one of the fifty-six signers of the Declaration of Independence and research that individual’s life and character both before and after they signed the Declaration. Be sure to include the ramifications they faced after signing the Declaration. Do not duplicate anyone else’s choice of signers if you are doing this assignment within a class.
    • Memorize the following excerpt from the Declaration and be prepared to discuss its meaning:

When, in the course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which laws of nature and of nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That, to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form as to them shall seem most likely to affect their safety and happiness.

    • Memorize the following excerpt from the Declaration and be prepared to discuss its meaning:

That these United colonies are, and of right ought to be free and independent States; that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as free and independent States, they have full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other acts and things which independent States may of right do. And for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.

Lesson 2: History

Lesson Two Assignments:

  • Review the discussion questions and vocabulary, then read the article: Revolutionary War, pages 13 – 20.
  • Narrate about today’s reading using the appropriate notebook page. Be sure to answer the discussion questions and include key people, events, and dates within the narration.
  • Define the vocabulary words in the context of the reading and put the word and its definition in the vocabulary section of your history notebook.
  • Be sure to visit www.ArtiosHCS.com for additional resources.

Lesson Two Discussion Questions:

  • What was Frederick the Great’s impression of George Washington?
  • What famous painting portrays some of the events surrounding December 26, 1776?
  • Describe the character of the following men: Nathan Hale, General Charles Lee, General Nathaniel Greene, General Burgoyne, General Schuyler, General Horatio Gates.
  • What four foreigners were involved in helping the Revolutionary War effort? Where were they from, and what did they do to help?
  • Describe the history of the Stars and Stripes as stated in today’s article.
  • What passion and common purpose gave the American soldiers an advantage against the troops fighting for Great Britain?
  • Why do you think General Schuyler was able to set aside his own ego to aid General Horatio Gates?
  • Describe the winter at Valley Forge.
Literature

Literature and Composition Assignments

  • Read the assignment background information about Benjamin Franklin’s “arduous project of arriving at moral perfection,” looking closely at the table Franklin created to plan his day.
  • Read Part Three of The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin.
  • As you make charts to track the progress of specific virtues, also create a daily chart for yourself to find ways to practice these virtues. Continue noting changes you see in yourself and in those around you.

Unit 17 Extra Resources: High School